Seismic Data Conditioning

To ensure a successful QI study we offer a full suite of seismic data conditioning tools to improve the quality of the input seismic data. These include various noise suppression techniques and other processes to get the data into a state that is suitable for inversion. Our seismic conditioning algorithms and our QC products are developed in-house specifically for AVO inversion applications. All of our techniques pay particular attention to amplitude and wavelet shape preservation during conditioning.

Seismic CDP gathers conditioning

  • Depth to Time
  • FK filter
  • Cadzow type fxy filtering
  • Radon
  • Residual moveout (RMO)
  • NMO de-stretch
  • Offset gathers to angle stacks

Seismic angle stack conditioning

  • Q-compensation
  • NMO stretch compensation
  • FXY
  • Residual noise suppression
  • Amplitude balancing, typically if there are facies in the overburden reducing the amplitude level at the target interval.
  • Spectral balancing, or matching, typically if the angle stacks are needed for other workflows not involving inversion.
  • Re-phasing, typically to ensure zero-phased seismic data (this is not critical for the inversion workflow).
  • Footprint removal
  • Seismic alignment (Azimuthal, AVO and 4D alignment)
  • Other suggestions as deemed valuable

Qeye's Seismic Warping

Seismic warping or alignment is an essential tool within the seismic quantitative interpretation workflow.

Applications include:

  • angle stack warping suppresses seismic event misalignment originating from inaccurate velocity modeling or migration (Figure 1)
  • 4D warping estimates time shifts that arise from velocity changes due to production and/or compaction (Figures 2 to 5)
  • 4D warping suppresses lateral positioning errors associated with velocity changes and migration across structural features (Figure 4)
  • 4D warping is essential to estimate the geomechanical effects within and around the reservoir arising from hydrocarbon production

Our warping algorithm has the following key features:

  • 1D and 3D warping with optional geological dip constraints
  • displacement cube is optimized both locally and globally
  • amplitude preserving – making it suitable for AVO inversion
  • the computed displacement field can be used as a constraint in the 4D inversion